Chief Minister Vijay Rupani wants Raksha Shakti University to be Security Studies Leader

Raksha Shakti University, Gujarat had its third annual convocation recently at the Gandhinagar Town Hall. The chief guest speaker at the event was Vijay Rupani, who is the Chief Minister of Gujarat. During his speech, he said that he was committed to making RSU the leading university for security studies. Vijay noted that in Ancient India, it was common for overseas students to come to India and visit their most prestigious universities like Takshashila and Nalanda.

Now, Vijay wants students from around the world to come to the city of Gandhinagar and enrol in security courses at RSU. Since cybersecurity is important to learn when dealing with modern-age computer crimes, Vijay wants students to become knowledgeable about it. Another honourable guest speaker at the event was Kiran Bedi, who is the Puducherry Lieutenant Governor and former officer of IPS. Other notable people at the event included RSU’s Director General Vikas Sahay; Gujarat Minister Pradipsinh Jadeja; and Director General of Police Geetha Johri.

The convocation was a big event for the 338 graduating students who were there. They were awarded their diplomas and degrees for the courses they had completed successfully. In fact, 15 of the top students received gold medals because of how well they excelled in their academics. When Bedi spoke to the audience, she suggested that RSU should make online courses available and become an open university. That way, students from anywhere can access the university’s learning resources without having to physically be there in person.

RSU is already able to conduct field training, video conferences, and initiate exchange programs. When Jadeja spoke, he doubled down on how critical it was to have police training at the university. The ability for officers to investigate and detect crimes requires them to have advanced forensic skills that only a university can offer.

MSMEs Receive Technology Transfer from DRDO

A couple of weeks ago, there was an interface of the defence-industry which was organized in Chennai. The interface lasted for 2 days and the conclusion of it had the Defence Research and Development Organization making 18 transfers of technology to private enterprises. Many Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has been given technical information about how to manufacture different types of defence equipment. That way, they would have the knowledge of carrying out this manufacturing on their own.

The technologies which the DRDO transferred were previously used to manufacture different pieces of defence equipment that would go to the Indian military branches: Air Force, Army, and Navy. Two private companies received technology that was used to build a mountain footbridge that is 35 meters long. Another company received some technology that would allow it to manufacture propellant for a BrahMos missile, low and high thrust motors as stated in the Times of India.

Aside from the DRDO transferring all this technology, the DRDO also conducted an exchange of interest with Naval Physical & Oceanographic Laboratory and Goa Shipyard Limited. The purpose of this exchange was to use technologies of DRDO to create an indigenous ship. The defence ministry is eager to have private enterprises throughout India to begin manufacturing equipment for them. The ministry is already working on a list of the specific pieces of equipment that they want to be manufactured.

Over one-thousand MSMEs participated in the Chennai event. The majority of them are companies which make aluminum-based items and machinery. These aren’t just companies from Chennai, but also from Maharashtra, Trichy, and Coimbatore as well. They are, of course, interested in this transfer of technology because it gives them the opportunity to conduct more business and make more money. At the same time, it gets the defence more supplies and equipment they need to effectively defend the country.

 

Indian Institute Discovers Molecular Mechanism that Allows Stress-based Gastric Ulcer

The CSIR – Indian Institute of Chemical Biology has a team of researchers in Kolkata who have discovered the molecular mechanism that allows acute mental stress to have an impact on the stomach, resulting in mucosal disease or gastric ulcers that are stress-related. This is the first time that such a discovery was made.

The research team conducted an experiment on a rat by putting it under a particular type of cold stress. Uday Bandyopadhyay led the research team and used drugs on the rat which target mitochondria that exists in the stomach so that stress-based gastric ulcers can be prevented. Uday works at the institute’s Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology.

The theory is that when a living thing is put under stress, there is a disruption in the capacity of the mitochondrial respiratory. Once that happens, there is an increase in oxidative stress and a reduction in the production of ATP. As the stress continues to exist, the mitochondria undergo morphological transformations like a lot more fragmentation. The scientific journal entitled ‘Free Radical Biology and Medicine’ published the findings of this study in it.

The reason why scientists are so excited about this discovery is that this is the first time a connection was found between the stomach’s mitochondria and the activity in mind. Since stress is something that comes from the mind, scientists wanted to find how that creates a gastric ulcer and now they have found it.

The gastric mucosal lining contains mitochondria in it. When there is increased fragmentation or oxidative stress, the mitochondria are not able to act normally. On top of that, the production of ATP is jeopardized as well. After that happens, there is no proliferation of the cells which means the mucosal cells will die. Also, the gastric lining will become a lot thinner too.